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"Brothers: the Holy Spirit and Jesus" began life as a paper at the Bible Training Institute now called the International Christian College, when I was a student there in Glasgow, Scotland between 1970 and 1972. The theme for the project paper was "The Relationship of the Holy Spirit to Jesus." As preparation, I decided to trace every reference to Jesus and the Holy Spirit in both the Old and New Testaments. These references were then grouped around specific characteristics and topics to produce this paper.✞
The Holy Spirit was involved in many areas of Jesus' life. Luke 1.35 explains this relationship to Mary at Jesus conception, "The angel answered, 'The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God." Note that the phrase, "So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God" may be translated as "So the child to be born will be called holy." The fact that Jesus never sinned is emphasized by being called "the holy one." At Jesus baptism we also find the Holy Spirit in Luke 4.1, "and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: 'You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.'" Note that Luke specifies that the Holy Spirit is "in bodily form" like a dove.
Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit to the Temptation in the wilderness in Luke 4.1, "Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness." In Acts, we can count 57 times that the Holy Spirit is involved in leading the Early Church. Jesus is led in the power of the Holy Spirit in Luke 4.14, "Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside." News about him spread no doubt after his first miracle turning water into wine. Jesus himself said that his whole ministry was performed in the power of the Holy Spirit. Luke 4.18 relates Jesus saying, "The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor." We also learn here of the absolute necessity of the person and work of the Holy Spirit in our own lives. The Holy Spirit was involved in the resurrection of Jesus from the dead. In Romans 8.11 we read, "And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you." Some manuscripts read "bodies through" rather than "bodies because of" emphasizing the closeness and intimacy of Jesus to the Holy Spirit! The resurrection of our mortal bodies is guaranteed and fully assured by the Holy Spirit!✞
Some thirty years after this writing task was completed, the impact of the special relationship between these two brothers in the deity still remains. The gems which I discovered then are provided here. They have been further expanded and illustrated to share with a wider audience. My hope and prayer is that you and others like you might be blessed by this online Bible Study and by the relationship of these two special individuals in the Godhead. I hope furthermore that you will meditate on the questions posed. May your own Christian life be deepened as a result. I would add one special note from my time at Bible College to all my teachers, "My apologies for being so stubborn!"✞