Jesus Spirit Relationship
Brothers :
The Holy Spirit
and Jesus
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Jesus Spirit Relationship
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Bible Study

Jesus Laughing"Brothers: the Holy Spirit and Jesus" began life as a paper at the Bible Training Institute now called the International Christian College in Glasgow Scotland. I was a student there between 1970 and 1972. The theme for the project paper was "The Jesus Spirit Relationship." As preparation, I traced every reference to that special relationship in both the Old and New Testaments. These references were then grouped around specific characteristics and topics to produce this paper.


The Jesus Spirit relationship was very important in many areas of Jesus' life. Luke 1.35 explains this relationship to Mary at Jesus conception, "The angel answered, 'The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God." Note here that the phrase, "So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God" may be translated as "So the child to be born will be called holy." The fact that Jesus never sinned was emphasized when he was called "the holy one." At Jesus baptism, we also find the Jesus Spirit relationship in Luke 4.1, "and the Holy Spirit descended on him (Jesus) in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, 'You are my Son, whom I love, with you, I am well pleased.'" Note that Luke describes the Holy Spirit "in bodily form" like a dove.

In the Wilderness

Jesus was later led by the Holy Spirit to the Temptation in the wilderness in Luke 4.1, "Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness." In Acts, there were 57 occasions when the Holy Spirit was involved in leading the Early Church. Jesus is led in the power of the Holy Spirit in Luke 4.14, "Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside." Rumors about Jesus spread no doubt after his first miracle turning water into wine. Jesus himself said that his whole ministry was performed in the power of the Spirit. Luke 4.18 relates Jesus own words, "The Spirit of the Lord is on me because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor." We also learn here of the absolute necessity of Jesus Spirit relationship in our own lives. The Holy Spirit was involved in the resurrection of Jesus from the dead. In Romans 8.11 we read, "And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you." Some manuscripts read "your mortal bodies through his Spirit who lives in you" rather than "your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you." This emphasizes the closeness and intimacy of Jesus to the Holy Spirit and Christians! The resurrection of our mortal bodies is guaranteed and fully assured by the special Jesus Spirit relationship!

Bond Effects Christians

BrothersSome forty years after completing this writing task, the impact of this special relationship between these two brothers in the deity remains. The gems which I discovered about the Spirit and Jesus and their relationship are provided here. They have been further expanded and illustrated to share with a wider audience. My hope and my prayer are that you might be blessed by this online Bible Study and by the relationship of these two special individuals in the Godhead. I pray furthermore that you will meditate on the questions posed. May your own Christian life be deepened as a result.

Trinity Equal Persons

Trinity TriangleThis special relationship touches on the meaning and understanding of the Trinity in the Godhead. The word "Trinity" is defined in the Webster Dictionary as "three people or three things as one." In this concept of the Holy Trinity, the three persons mentioned are the Heavenly Father, his son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. At first glance, the math of three in one in the Trinity doesn't appear to work. Three does not equal one any more than one equals three. The equation seems illogical and hard to get your head around. It can make the concept of Trinity very difficult for many people to comprehend.

Various Word Pictures

St Catherine of SiennaThe three Trinity persons of the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit may be better understood using various word pictures. Saints have struggled down the ages to understand and to explain this great mystery. Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) who was a Dominican Nun wrote, "You, O eternal Trinity, are a deep sea, into which the more I enter the more I find, and the more I find the more I seek." She became a prominent scholar and theologian in her age despite being born during the Black Death in Italy as the twenty-third child in her family. She was, however, a happy child and nicknamed "Eurosyne" which is Greek for "joy." Catherine lived for many years in later life in almost total silence and solitude but continued to struggle with the Spirit Jesus relationship in the Trinity. She wrote, "The soul cannot be satiated by the abyss, for she continually hungers after you, the eternal Trinity, desiring to see you with the light of your light. As the heart desires the springs of living water, so my soul desires to leave the prison of this dark body and see you in truth." Catherine had a deep understanding of the Trinity and seemed to have grasped something of its depth.

Equal Persons

Apple PieThe three persons are considered equals in the Trinity. They have been pictured in more modern times like "the three slices of an apple pie" in which the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are three equal slices. All three parts are of the same essence containing the crust and the apple filling, yet the three persons give us three slices distinct from one another!

Water Ice Steam

Thundering WaterfallAnother useful analogy for the Trinity to help us understand the Jesus Spirit relationship is that of water. We are all familiar with water as a normally plentiful transparent fluid which forms the lakes, streams, and oceans. It has the chemical name H2O which means one oxygen plus two hydrogen atoms. Scientists say that the creation of water is a miracle in itself! Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, and architecture wrote tellingly, "Water is the driving force of all nature." Water is the only substance occurring naturally as a solid as ice, a liquid as water and gas as water vapor. At normal temperatures, water flows like a clear liquid, when heated it turns into vapor and when frozen it becomes ice! This is a picture of the Jesus Spirit relationship of two quite different forms of the same thing.


When heated up to 99.98°C, water vaporizes to semi-transparent gaseous steam. When frozen below 0.00°C, it is ice as hard as a rock but strangely less dense than water. If you have ever wondered why ice on a lake stays on top of the cold water it is because as water freezes its molecules move apart, making ice less dense than water and so it floats! This is the opposite of the norm where materials on cooling down become denser. This is another of God's miracles without which nothing in streams, rivers, and lakes could survive a cold winter, especially in Canada! The ice which forms in Wintertime would otherwise sink to the bottom of lakes and rivers, and kill most of the plant and animal life there! The relationship of two of the states of water is a model for the relationship between the Holy Spirit and Jesus in the Godhead.

Snow Flakes

Water also exists as fog, dew, many types of clouds and many different variations of snow. Snowflakes which are single ice crystals that have achieved a certain size appear in a multitude of different symmetrical shapes. Scientists tell us that individual snowflakes differ in detail from one another like human fingerprints, which is another miracle! Snowflakes appear white despite being made of clear ice. This is because snowflakes diffuse and reflect the whole spectrum of light through its small crystal facets. Ice, steam, and water are also quite distinct even though they are the same material. They are in three quite different states. Equally, the Trinity consisting of three constituent parts in different states still combine to form one element. The Jesus Spirit relationship with the Heavenly Father is three in one and one in three!

"Jesus Spirit Relationship"
by Ron Meacock

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