Jerusalem City Cube
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Jerusalem City Cube (Revelation 21.15-16)

"The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia [that is, "about 1,400 miles" or "about 2,200 kilometers"] in length, and as wide and high as it is long." (Revelation 21.15-16)✞

12,000 Stadia Square

Steel CubeThe Jerusalem city cube was square and had four equal sides and its height was the same as its width and breadth. It was described in Revelation as 12,000 stadia long which is an ancient Greek measure of length that equals 1,200 miles or 2,200 kilometers, which is an unimaginably huge building! A stadia is about one tenth of a modern mile. The picture of the angel with the "measuring rod" is first seen in Ezekiel 40.2-3 "In visions of God he took me to the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain, on whose south side were some buildings that looked like a city. He took me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze; he was standing in the gateway with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand." Both Babylon which was the location of the Tower of Babel and Nineveh were built in the form of a square so being square was common enough. But the new city of Jerusalem was not only square, it was in the form of a perfect cube which was a geometric shape as a three dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces. The length, breadth and height of the New Jerusalem were all the same. This was significant as the cube is a symbol of perfection.✞

Perfect Foursquare

Bust of PlatoBoth Plato, (428-348 BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC) who were both philosophers in Classical Greece refer to the fact that in Greece the good man who was considered perfect was called foursquare. It is perhaps surprising in our modern context that this name is also given to, "the location based social networking website for mobile devices such as smart phones."

Cube Symbolism

CubeThe Jewish Temple altar of the burnt offering and the altar of the incense were also in the form of perfect cubes. The High Priest's breast plate or "hoshen" was made from embroidered linen and was a square two layers thick with four rows of three engraved gems each embedded into it, each jewel being framed in gold.✞

Solomon's Temple

The Prophet Ezekiel PaintingAgain and again the cube shape occurs in Ezekiel's visions of the new Jerusalem and the new Temple. But most important of all, in Solomon's temple the Holy of Holies was a perfect cube. John of Patmos intends us to see that the whole of the New Jerusalem's city cube is to be one great Holy of Holies, the dwelling-place of God with human beings.

"Jerusalem City Cube"
by Ron Meacock © 2017

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