City Cube
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City Cube
(Revelation 21.15-16)
Page 300

"The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long." (Revelation 21.15-16)

Jerusalem City

Steel CubeThe Jerusalem city cube is square with four equal sides and its height is the same as its width and breadth. It is described in Revelation 21.16 as 12,000 stadia long which was an ancient Greek measure of length that equaled about 1,200 miles or about 2,200 kilometers in our measurements! This was an unimaginably huge building which would cover three quarters of North America! A stadia is about one tenth of a modern mile. The picture of the angel with the "measuring rod" was first seen in Ezekiel 40.2-3 "In visions of God he took me to the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain, on whose south side were some buildings that looked like a city. He took me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze; he was standing in the gateway with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand."

Symbol of Perfection

Being square was common enough for both Babylon which was the location of the Tower of Babel and Nineveh were built in the form of a square. But the new Jerusalem city cube is not only square, it is in the form of a perfect cube which as a geometric shape is a three dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces. The length, breadth and height of the New Jerusalem are all the same. Wikipedia describes it this way, "In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex. The cube is the only regular hexahedron and is one of the five Platonic solids. It has 6 faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices." This is even more significant as the cube is a symbol of perfection.

Perfect Foursquare

PlatoBoth Plato, (428-348 BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC) who were both philosophers in Classical Greece refer to the fact that in Greece the good man who was considered absolutely perfect was called foursquare. It is perhaps surprising in our modern context because "foursquare" is also given to, "the location based social networking website for mobile devices such as smart phones."The New Jerusalem was also "foursquare!" or "perfect."✞

Cube Symbolism

CubeThe Jewish Temple altar of the burnt offering and the altar of the incense were also made by design in the form of perfect cubes. The High Priest's breast plate or "hoshen" was made from embroidered linen and had a square two layers thick with four rows of three engraved gems each embedded into it, each jewel being framed in gold.

Solomon's Temple

Prophet EzekielAgain and again the cube shape occurs in Ezekiel's visions of the new Jerusalem and the New Temple. But most important of all, in Solomon's temple the Holy of Holies itself was a perfect cube. John of Patmos intended us to know that the whole of the New Jerusalem's city cube was to be one great Holy of Holies, the dwelling-place of God with human beings.

"City Cube"
by Ron Meacock © 2018

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