To erase The ladder lettering presentation or the ladder lettering alphabet, press the cleaner button on the applicator to apply a squirt of fluid onto the area in question. The handheld equipment then lifts a sheet of paper from the holder and wipes the board with it before releasing it into a garbage can. Two types of markers are used for ladder or bubble lettering systems when used on paper or card. One permanent marker leaves semi-permanent lines to outline a map, music staves, or lettering guidelines. The other kind of marker is erasable. Another type of marker board is available, which doesn't use cleaning fluid, called the dry erase marker board. To add an extra professional touch to your teaching, use bubble or ladder lettering for keywords or phrases. Try the complete alphabets yourself in the following exercises.✞
Write out the Full Alphabet in upper case A to Z.
A bubble letter marker produces excellent displays in a variety of bright colors and fancy letters. Water-based lettering can add visual impact and appeal. A simple way to create bubble lettering is to cut square, rectangular or sloping shapes of the bubble letter frames out of colored sheets of gummed paper and then take a pair of scissors and round off the corners to form each letter. This very pleasing and impressive effect allows you to adjust the bubble letters not only on a horizontal baseline but also on a curved one if you wish. Letters on a curved baseline usually are tough to accomplish well without having the actual physical letters to position. Using cut out letters allows you to see the overall effect before you commit yourself to stick down the gummed letters on the board or paper for a presentation. Graffiti type letters can overlap one another. Various artists are now producing their distinctive custom graffiti alphabets with such colorful names as Hoodson Script, Fat Wandals, Scare Arms, Grizzly Attack, Mersey Cowboy, Bubble Collor, Yo Style, and Sloppy Paint.✞
To draw bubble letters on card or paper, two different types of felt tip markers are available. These are water-based felt tip markers or spirit-based markers, sometimes called permanent markers. The latter has a distinctive petroleum type of smell. Permanent markers leave a brighter colored line but also tend to soak into the surrounding paper. Water-based markers produced by Blick and other companies use water-soluble inks, but not all are washable. Consider this when you are purchasing. Some packs contain up to 60 different colors. Some have certain advantages, however, especially when used in children's groups. I would personally recommend washable felt tip markers with children under five as the water-based inks wash off hands and clothes more easily! Spirit-based markers have a crisp, clear outline on any smooth surface such as sheet metal or even plasterboard. Water-based markers are usually non-toxic, so they are relatively safe with infants. Another significant advantage of water-based markers is that you can sometimes top them up with special inks obtainable from a large stationer's store. You can also buy dual brush pen markers, washable classroom packs, scented markers, and the ones I particularly like, "biggie markers," on the internet. With a little care, felt tip markers could be great fun and last for a long time without needing to be replaced.✞
The bubble letters alphabet in special sized and shaped frames two units high and with their corners rounded presents a pleasing effect for lettering. Bubble letters are an attractive alternative to ordinary writing for display by teachers, preachers, and communicators. They help produce visual aids either for the classroom, the art class, art graffiti, or a teaching tool to an audience in a large or small space. "Graffiti," by the way, is the plural of "graffito" from "graffio," meaning a "scratch." Initially, graffiti was writings or drawings scratched or drawn on walls or boards. Some graffiti images date back to the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman eras. New bubble letters produce a quick, pleasing, and easy substitute to line lettering or printed letters for flashcards or headings cards. I have personally used bubble letters with great success many times over the years in my teaching. Bubble letters can make an impressive graffiti art form, and highly stylized letter types appear all the time, not just on rail cars but on large walls and canvases. Sometimes extensive graffiti works of art are planned as an outlet for aspiring artists. The anonymous and controversial "Banksy" (1974?-present) draws masterpieces on English walls. Art lovers highly regarded them as satirical masterpieces. Both the ladder or bubble letter styles produced quick and awe-inspiring results! Once you have mastered this technique, people will be astonished at the instant effects you can achieve with a paintbrush stroke or felt tip marker.✞
Bubble letters and ladder lettering production is similar. First, pencil out boxes on a sheet of paper or card in the proportions of one unit wide by two units high for each bubble letter. These can be 2" x 4" or 4" x 8" or 1" x 2" but always in the same proportions, that is one unit wide and two units high. The "M" and "W" letters are one and a half units wide and two units high. The "1's" and the "I's" are a half unit wide and two units high. Every other letter is one unit wide and two units high. Next, take a pencil and draw in the rounded-off corners of each bubble letter on your paper, making sure that all the letters' sides touch the frame everywhere except at the corners.✞
For a bubble letter italic effect, with letters leaning towards the left or the right, slope the vertical penciled out boxes for the letters. To form pear-shaped letters, widen the boxes' base to say two units wide at the bottom, one unit wide at the top, and two units high. One can use any combination of these and overlap the pear-shaped letters for effect. Try drawing a curved baseline with a compass and a central arc point some way above it (or below it.) Then draw a parallel line with the letter height of two units above it and finally mark off the individual letters of a half, one or two units wide with their vertical lines radiating from the center point. Lightly pencil in the corners, and you are ready to complete your bubble letters masterpiece!✞
The whiteboard letters system and alphabet are effective with bubble, ladder, freehand, or even press-on vinyl lettering. There is a four-color marker kit for those who want to develop the whiteboard letters techniques regularly with groups using bubble or ladder letters, which could be of considerable help. Three felt markers, one-quarter inch, one inch, and two inches wide, stand in a reservoir of their own for each color and are all connected with a convenient carrying handle. Pots of top-up inks and large pads of ready lined paper can refill and augment the whiteboard letters kit. It can be a handy tool for a school teacher, an enterprising Sunday school superintendent, or a minister in displaying keywords or phrases in bubble or ladder letters. Other available kits can be purchased for in/out planner boards and other commercial uses like porcelain whiteboards. Another particular type of felt tip pen is used in the dry erase marker system. The dry erase whiteboard system is a proprietary unit involving a patented coated or non-porous laminated surface. Glass is an ideal non-porous surface for this kind of use. It is sometimes white or cream and often combined with a magnetic backing so that magnetic letters adhere to it. A plastic holder carries five markers, a cleaner, and a series of sheets of cleaning paper. Bubble or ladder alphabets are great with this kind of whiteboard lettering system!✞