Pergamum Satan's Throne
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Pergamum Satan's Throne
(Revelation 2.12-13a)
Page 39

"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: 'These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword. I know where you live — where Satan has his throne.'" (Revelation 2.12-13a)✞

Roman Emperor Augustus

Roman Emperor AugustusEarly Roman emperors like the first Emperor Augustus (BC 63-14 AD) refused to be deified or to be called gods by their people. Later however, other Emperors realized that it could be politically useful. Soon, Roman emperors started believing they were actually gods and expected to be treated as such by the people.

Caesar is Lord

Nero's BustTo reinforce this idea, the citizens were required to burn a pinch of incense to the bust of the emperor in a public square and said, "Caesar is Lord" as a test of loyalty. This ceremony became a unifying principle in the Roman Empire, but it was also a simple and easy way to separate those who were Christians and those who were not in the towns and villages. Christians believed that only Jesus was Lord therefore they refused to burn incense to any idol even an image of the emperor. The earliest statement of faith or creed that we know of was "Jesus is Lord" and this may have been a counter to the Emperor's oath of allegiance of "Caesar is Lord."

Place of Condemnation

PergamumThe Emperor's bust was set up in the town square and therefore became the place of condemnation for Christians, where "Satan has his throne." The "Pergamum Satan's Throne" however was the official center of emperor worship in Asia, with temples to Roman Emperors Augustus (BC 63-14 AD) and Trajan (53-117 AD). Rome was in one sense Satan's capital and "Pergamum" was therefore seen by the Christian church as Satan's throne.

"Pergamum Satan's Throne"
by Ron Meacock © 2018

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