Celtic Trinity Symbol
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7. Celtic Trinity Symbol
Revelation 1.4-5a

"John, to the province of Asia's seven churches: 'Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the earth's kings.'" (Revelation 1.4-5a)✞

Seven Spirits

Revelation Trinity IconThe phrase "seven spirits before his throne" may indicate "the sevenfold Spirit" or "the Holy Spirit." "The seven spirits" may also refer to the Revelation churches' seven leaders in Asia. Under the Holy Spirit's guidance, John of Patmos sends letters to these churches situated on a curved crescent-shaped line in Turkey. Each one addresses not only their current conditions but also the future. He commends their strengths and warns them of their failures. These directions and suggestions are appropriate for today's churches and also apply to our personal lives. Like some Early Churches, Christians today can become loveless, immoral, or compromising in their faith. Our Lord clarifies how he feels about these faults.


Celtic Trinity SymbolIn this passage, God the Holy Trinity greets John of Patmos, "Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come." The specific phrase "Trinity," though not found in the Bible, is inferred here and in several places where the three persons of Jesus, the Father and the Holy Spirit, are linked together as at Jesus' Baptism and his Transfiguration. This threefold greeting has curious similarities to the "Celtic Trinity symbol" or "Triquetra" and also the "Trinity Knot." The Trinity symbol originally meant "triangle," which existed from very early times as the "three hares." The three hares circular motif appears in some medieval Devon churches. Known as the "Tinners' Rabbits," it is carved as three hares or rabbits chasing each other in a circle as a Trinity symbol. Each of the "tinnes rabbits' ears" is shared by two rabbits so that only three ears appear. The Revelation 1.4 words delineate the Trinity, "who is, and who was, and who is to come." The Complete Jewish Bible (© 1998 by David H. Stern. All rights reserved) translates Exodus 3.14-15 as, "God said to Moshe, 'Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh [I am or will be what I am or will be],' and added, 'Here is what to say to the people of Isra'el: "Ehyeh [I Am or I Will Be] has sent me to you."' God said further to Moshe, 'Say this to the people of Isra'el: "Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh [Adonai], the God of your fathers, the God of Avraham, the God of Yitz'chak and the God of Ya'akov, has sent me to you." This word is my name forever; this is how I am to be remembered generation after generation." The Hebrew "I am" sounds like and may be related to "Lord" and may represent an old version of the Holy Trinity's three persons in one God's name. ✞

Faithful Witness and Firstborn

Trinity Tie KnotJesus Christ, as God's Son, is described as "the faithful witness." A court witness relates what he or she has seen or heard. A faithful witness's testimony has to be reliable every time. Jesus Christ is also called "the firstborn from the dead." John of Patmos uses the Greek word "prototokos" for 'firstborn' referring to the birth order in a traditional family, where the first male child inherits from his father. Jesus Christ is "the ruler of the earth's kings," for he governs and regulates all earthly kings and leaders, sometimes keeping them from doing evil or frustrating their plans, sometimes using them to serve his purposes.

Divine Providence

The concept of the "firstborn" or "divine providence" is counter to the "divine right of kings," or "God's mandate" brought in by King Henry VIII (1491-1547) when he declared himself supreme head of the Church of England at the Reformation in 1531. Divine right is a religious doctrine of political legitimacy in a monarchy and is often expressed in the phrase "by the Grace of God," attached to the reigning monarch's titles. Interestingly, my Admitting Certificate to the Office of Evangelist on 16th December 1975 was signed by "Donald, by Divine Providence, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, and Primate of All England." I remember Lord Coggan was a caring and godly gentleman in the interview process. Revelation 1.5a clearly states, however, "Jesus is the ruler of the earth's kings." Jesus has the last say!

Saint Patrick's Blessing

360 DegreesThe Celtic churchman Saint Patrick (385-461 AD) became famous for using the three-leaved shamrock to explain the Trinity concept to Irish clan leaders and gave us a Holy Trinity blessing. Patrick held out his arm with a finger pointing straight ahead and then turned around three hundred and sixty degrees. This blessing acknowledged God's supreme control over all of life and of creation everywhere. Irish Celtic churchmen believed that this Holy Trinity blessing applied in every place, every way, and at all times. Interestingly, Saint Patrick's grave in Downpatrick, Northern Ireland, also contains Saint Columba's and Saint Brigid's remains. They are in one tomb together, covered by a heavy uncut stone. On an Irish sightseeing holiday, my wife and I visited this especially holy graveyard. An enormous rock lies at the top of the hill in the "Holy and Undivided Trinity Cathedral Church" cemetery in Downpatrick. We were naturally curious as to why the large stone rested on their remains. It was necessary to prevent local people and visitors from removing gravesite soil to place on a sick person and heal them!

Saint Catherine's Prayer

Saint Catherine of SiennaOn the other side of the world, Saint Catherine of Sienna (1347-1380 AD) was a mystic and one of two Italian patron saints with Saint Francis of Assisi. She wrote a masterful poem and meditation on the Holy Trinity,

"You, O eternal Trinity, are a deep sea,
Into which the more I enter, the more I find,
And the more I see, the more I seek.
I cannot satisfy my soul in your abyss,
For she continually hungers after you,
The eternal Trinity,
I desire to see you with the light of your light.
As my heart desires the springs of living water,
So my soul longs to leave the prison of this dark body and see you in truth."

An Encouragement

Revelation TrinityDr. Thomas Ken (1637-1711 AD), the former Anglican Bishop of Bath and Wells, adds a special Holy Trinity blessing of his own.
"Blessing and honor, thanksgiving
and praise more than we can utter be unto thee,
O most adorable Trinity,
Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,
by all angels, all men, all creatures forever
and ever, Amen and Amen.
To God, the Father, who first loved us and
made us accepted in the Beloved.
To God, the son who loved us and
washed us from our sins in his blood.
To God, the Holy Ghost,
who sheds the love of God abroad in our hearts,
all love and all glory for time and eternity. Amen."

May the Holy Spirit's Blessing remain in our lives forever!✞

"What is the Celtic Trinity symbol?"
by Ron Meacock © 2021

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