Satan's Zeus Temple
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Satan's Zeus Temple (Revelation 2.12-13)
Page 40

"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: 'These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword. I know where you live - where Satan has his throne. Yet you remain true to my name. You did not renounce your faith in me, not even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness, who was put to death in your city - where Satan lives.'" (Revelation 2.12-13)✞

Pergamum City

Antipas of Pergamum"Where Satan has his throne" may have been a reference to the temple dedicated to Zeus on the top of an eight hundred foot conical hill in "Pergamum," which may also be spelled "Pergamon." There the angel says, "Antipas my faithful witness", was put to death in the city. Tradition has it that Saint Antipas was martyred in c92 AD and roasted to death over a fire in a copper bull shaped altar because he cast out demons worshiped by the local people. Thereafter, there is a tradition of oil flowing from the bones of St Antipas called "the manna of the saints" which was used by the Early Church for relieving the pain of those suffering from ailments such as toothache!✞

Faithful Witness Antipas

Remains of Pergamum templeThe Zeus temple in Pergamum city was on an impressive forty foot high projecting ledge of rock, looking like a great seat eight hundred feet up the hillside. Zeus the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion was worshipped there as well as the emperor Caesar Augustus (BC 63-14 AD). Smoking constantly with the sacrifice of animals, it would have been both hated and feared by the Christian community.

Satan's Throne

Throne of Zeus in Pergamum"Where Satan has his throne." may also have been a reference to the white marble altar in "Pergamum" dedicated by Eumenes II in BC 197-159. This very impressive Altar was dismantled and moved to the Pergamum Museum in Berlin where it stands today. The museum has several original sized monumental buildings transported from present day Turkey and meticulously reconstructed stone by stone in Germany. The museum building was constructed and reconstructed between 1910 and 1930 and is due another major renovation for completion in 2019. It is a very impressive temple and would have been striking on top of the high conical hill in the city.✞

"Satan's Zeus Temple"
by Ron Meacock © 2017

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