Pompeii Colonnade Gardens
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Herculaneum Houses 115

Vesuvius Eruption

Pompeii Colonnade GardensThe excavations at the ancient Roman cities near Naples in Italy called Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were both destroyed in 79 AD in the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius. Pompeii was originally founded in the 6th or 7th century BC and was a thriving vacation destination of twelve to fifteen thousand people at the time of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Pompeii and Herculaneum were only discovered in the late sixteenth century by the architect Domenico Fontana (1543-1607 AD.) They have revealed many well preserved and excellent examples of the upper middle class Roman homes called a "domus" along with colonnade gardens. Pompeii was buried by between thirteen and twenty feet of volcanic ash and Herculaneum by approximately fifty feet of volcanic lava during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

Frozen in Time

Pompeii person frozen in timeThe city of Pompeii reveals life in the year 79 AD in a very detailed way right down to the paintings on walls, wooden furniture and even preserved people, dogs and horses in the volcanic ash and lava. Asia Minor archaeological work at Ephesus and Priene, an ancient Greek city founded by Alexander the Great, have also been very rewarding in this regard, although, the remains are not in the same well preserved state as Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Congregations of Paul

Vesuvius over PompeiiTo the student of the New Testament, these sites cannot but bring to mind the congregations of Paul the Apostle, who often held his meetings in similar buildings. E. Earle Ellis in his book "Pauline Theology - Ministry and Society" explains the unusual size and extent of many of the houses and gardens of this time found among the excavations.✞

Houses and Gardens

Herculaneum House Interior"At Herculaneum, the atria averaged about 25 x 30 feet in size, the colonnade gardens about 33 x 50 feet including surrounding porches which were about 9 foot wide. Pompeii's colonnade gardens are somewhat larger, the atria being about 31 x 42 feet and the colonnade gardens about 55 x 67 feet. At Ephesus, the excavated dwellings appear to be equally impressive, with the twenty four column colonnade garden of one patrician mansion measuring 4500 square feet."✞

"Pompeii Colonnade Gardens"
by Ron Meacock © 2017

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